Published Date : 2019-09-14

(PIPAP) Program aims to reduce poverty in the rural communities in the program areas: eight VDCs ( Nocha, Amahi baryati, Sorabhag, Takuwa, Dainiya, Gobindpur, Bardanga & Mahadewa) of Marang district through equitable and sustainable income generation activities. The Program activities are grouped under five broad components consisting of

  1. livelihood activities (agro-forestry, enterprises development through development of small industry at local level etc),
  2. capacity enhancement of beneficiaries stakeholder on Improved Technology of Livestock (Goat/Pig/Buffalo/Cow raring, hybrid type),
  3. commercial agriculture production and management,
  4. infrastructure development (small irrigation, collection centers, small industry infrastructures etc) and
  5. input support. Furthermore, the program is designed to fit with the 4 pillars of PAF Strategy Income Generation, Capacity Building, Social Mobilization and infrastructure development

Program Objective :

  • Empower and organize poor household of working areas through community organization.
  • Increase access of poor citizens of target areas in different services and resources through developing their skill.
  • Develop self employment through skill development training and income generating program.
  • Conduct economical, social and physical construction program in order to support for improving the life standard of poor citizens.
  • Improve the social status of poor people by increasing access in the local level through sensitizing to the family about gender equality, human rights, environment, policy making and planning process.
  • Support for economic improvement of the poor and backward family by developing skill and creating local fund through the cooperative establishment and mobilization.
  • Make the program sustainable by mobilizing local resources and expanding coordination through the establishment of network.
  • Make the program transparent and result oriented by forming joint monitoring committee among stakeholders and conducting regular monitoring /social audit program.

The Strategy To implement the program, PAF envisages the following strategies :

  • Enable poor people through social mobilization and capacity building to organize and obtain quality basic services in cost-effective and sustainable manner with their direct involvement in identification, planning, designing, executing and managing, operating & maintaining the schemes/ program.
  • Build partnership with various organizations working in its areas of operation at the village and district level in order to ensure holistic development intervention to bring discernible impact on poverty reduction and scaling up the program in considerably less time.
  • Build PAF an independent, autonomous and a professional organization sensitive to the needs and aspirations of the poor, expected to comprise a lean and thin structure with a core professional staff only and act as facilitator.

Guiding Principles (Five basic guiding principles are followed in the operation of PAF activities):

  • Targeted to poor (Antyodaya): Seeking the prosperity of poor and disadvantaged at the lowest end of economic ladder. The last is the first for PAF. PAF follows bottom-up approach rather than top-down approach.
  • Social Inclusion (Samabeshi): Seeking the participation of Dalit, Janjati, Women and other disadvantaged groups below poverty level.
  • Demand Driven (Mang Anusar): Programs are designed based on the needs and demands of the targeted people.
  • Direct Funding (Pratakchhya Bhuktani): Payment is made directly in the account of community organization. Every CO has opened a back account in the nearest bank office as per the rule of PAF. This provides both empowerment and confidence in them.
  • Community Institutional Development: It is regarded as a crux for the sustainability of community organizations. Community institutionalization is exclusively done for the legal identity to the community organizations so that they can self-propel by delivering services to the target poor even after the phase out of PAF intervention. Multi-purpose co-operatives, co-operatives for single function and federation of COs are formed as per communities ' need.
  • Transparency (Pardarshita): All the activities of PAF are transparent. Every Community organization (CO) displays it activities on a board in their community.

Program Components :

Component A: Small-Scale Community Infrastructure Projects :

This component provides capacity building support and sub-grants to the community organizations (COs) for community infrastructure projects (e.g. micro-irrigation, engineered trails, footbridges, schools, health posts and other “public goods” which can be managed by community groups). Depending on their maturity stage, the support to COs would focus on ensuring that

  1. the planning process carried out at the Ward/Community levels is fully informed of SSCIPs being requested by communities;
  2. the PAF delivery mechanism is supported by the required technical and financial resources from other specialized departments and agencies as appropriate; and
  3. PAF and Local Bodies ' resources are efficiently mobilized to co-finance small-scale infrastructure wherever possible. In this component, special support would also be provided to marginalized communities through PAF 's special program for these communities.

Component B: Sustainable Income Generation (SIG):

This component provides capacity building support and sub-grants to the community organizations (COs) for income generation activities (e.g. micro-enterprises, crafts, land productivity, vegetables and animal husbandry) depending upon the maturity stage of the COs. This component provides the opportunity for CO beneficiaries to obtain a sub-loan to invest in income generating livelihood activities on the basis of revolving funds that are managed by the COs. The project has encouraged poor households to channel funds into demand-driven livelihood activities and to manage these activities. Groups are able to increase investments over time with savings and in some cases additional funds leveraged from other programs. The revolving funds have helped strengthen the ability of COs to manage funds and develop institutions of the poor.

Component C: Product Development, Market Linkages and Pilots:

The objective of this component is to support those COs that are more advanced in their undertaking by either already having engaged in higher-level institutional forms or would benefit from doing so at this point. COs have started to form cooperatives, CO networks and federations. The project would support COs in these efforts by providing specific support to the COs that are at such stage of development. This component would also support piloting of CO creation and investment support in a peri- urban setting given that there is a tendency of rural areas becoming more peri-urban around some urban centers in Nepal. This component therefore would engage in the following activities

  1. pocket area (spatial) development;
  2. support for higher level CO institutions; and
  3. peri-urban pilots. Innovative activities that have been in the original component could also be supported if and when justifiable.

a. Pocket Area Development:

Building successful interventions and learning from weaknesses, PAF is proposing an activity-based pocket area (spatial) development approach and market linkages to help make community organizations self-sustaining in the long run. PAF will be adopting an activity-based pocket area (spatial) development approach where in the project would identify several geographic areas (pockets) where a group of COs have already organized into higher level institutions or are carrying out a particular activity that would benefit from economies of scale. Special capacity building support would be provided to those COs for product development and also necessary help would be offered in order to link them with the markets, ensuring a stable source of demand to cater to.

b. Support for higher level CO Institutions:

PAF would support COs that have grown and evolved, and are now ready to scale-up their activities to ensure longer term sustainability. The project would help the COs in developing their products (refining and packaging) and establishing strong and stable market linkages, and support COs such that they can link to the formal financial markets in order to ensure their long term sustainability. This entails mobilization of institutions to enter into more specialized services, providing specialized support for the development and marketing of promising products like dairy, seed production, goat activities etc. In addition, this activity would provide assistance to livestock insurance committees to support the build-up of livestock insurance schemes.

c. Peri-urban Pilots:

This component would also pilot the expansion of PAF activities into peri-/urban areas. PAF would target the establishment and support to COs in selected urban centers. The approach would be similar to the PAF current approach of CO mobilization and support, but would be adjusted based on findings during the pilot activities.

Component D: Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening:

This component has been and would remain a core function of the PAF. The component supports the formation and development of COs, CO capacity building support, creation of cooperatives and market alliances. Funds are provided for the contracting of partner organizations that support COs in social mobilization and various capacity building activities including entrepreneurship development, book keeping, maintenance of the revolving fund, participation in local bodies and development towards higher level institutions. The component would promote local resource persons at the community network level, linkages with education, literacy, nutrition and public health training to strengthen outreach through social mobilization. PAF will focus on increasing capacity within communities and reduce dependency on partner organizations by linking COs with each other. The revolving funds would be of particular focus as the capacity of COs to manage these funds sustainably and forge linkages with financial institutions will become critical for institutional growth. IFAD would provide support for knowledge Management activities and strengthening of the COs and higher level institutions in revolving fund management and in accessing the formal financial sector. There are some marginalized communities (representing about two percent of the target population) that have not yet benefitted from PAF services because of their distinct socio-cultural characteristics. Special measures are being implemented to reach out to this special target group building on a new strategy recently adopted by PAF. Under this component targeted capacity building and institutional strengthening activities would be supported for these groups.

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